# Find the resistance of human body?

Problem 1:  A person touches live wire of a 100 watt closed circuit. If supply voltage is 200 volt and total current flow in a circuit (when touches) is 0.55 ampere, then find the resistance of the human body?

Solution: The circuit shown in diagram is similar to a parallel resistive circuit. We are interested to find the resistance of human body. In order to make this problem easy, let’s draw a resistive circuit of given diagram.

Here, RB  is resistance of bulb.
Ris Resistance of human body.

As RB  and RH are connected in parallel, so 0.55 current will divided into two parts. Total current of the circuit is current flow through RB and RH.
In order to find current through bulb, first we have to calculate its resistance (RB).
Power (P)  =   V2/RB
RB =   V2/P
RB =  (200 x 200) / 100
RB = 400 Ω

Hence, current through bulb (IB)
IB = V/R
IB = 200/400
IB = 0.5 Amp.

As total current flow through circuit is 0.55 and current flow through bulb is 0.5 Ampere. Therefore, current flow through human body (IH) is
IH = 0.55 – 0.5
IH = 0.05 Amp.

The voltage across human body is 200 volt. Hence resistance of human body (RH) is equal to
RH = V/I    (because, V = IR)
RH = 200 / 0.05
RH = 4000 Ω
In short, Resistance of human body is 4000 ohms.

Problem 2:  A person touches live wire of a closed circuit. The supply voltage is 220 volt and total current flow in a circuit (when touches) is 0.60 ampere. If the current flow through bulb is 0.50 then find the resistance of the human body?

Solution: This problem is almost similar to above one. It is more easier to solve. Let us consider RB  is resistance of bulb and Ris Resistance of human body.

Given in the question,
Total circuit current (I) = 0.6 Amp
Current flow through bulb (IB) = 0.5 Amp
Supply Voltage (V) = 220 V

As we discussed in problem 1, RB  and RH are connected in parallel, so 0.55 current will divided into two parts. Total current of the circuit is current flow through RB and RH.

i.e       Total current (I) = IB  +    IH
Therefore,
current flow through human body (IH) is
IH = 0.6 – 0.5
IH = 0.1 Amp.

The voltage across human body is 220 volt. Hence resistance of human body (RH) is equal to
RH = V/I    (because, V = IR)
RH = 220/ 0.1
RH = 2200 Ω
In short, Resistance of human body is 2200 ohms.