What is real, reactive, and apparent power?

DWQA QuestionsCategory: (EE) Power SystemWhat is real, reactive, and apparent power?
How Engineering Works Staff asked 6 years ago
3 Answers
Gurutasm answered 6 years ago

Active Power
The actual amount of power being dissipated or performs the useful work in the circuit is called as active or true or real power. It is measured in watts, practically measured in KW (kilowatts) and MW (megawatts) in power systems.

Reactive Power
The average value of the second term in the above derived expression is zero, so the power contributed by this term is zero. The component, which is proportional to VI sin ϕ is called as reactive power, represented by the letter Q.

Apparent Power
The complex combination of true or active power and reactive power is called apparent power. Without reference to any phase angle, the product of voltage and current gives the apparent power. The apparent power is useful for rating the power equipment.

Biju answered 6 years ago

Active Power is that which results in active work (propelling the wheel-barrow in forward direction). So active power is solely that work which is done on the wheels of the barrow for the procurement of real (useful) work.

Reactive Power can be reckoned as that which helps to keep the barrow in the lifted position.

The total power which is the Apparent Power (Lifting + Pushing) is that which is applied at the handles

Ena answered 6 years ago
  • kW is WORKING POWER (also called Actual Power or Active Power or Real Power). …..It is the power that actually powers the equipment and performs useful work.
  • kVAR is REACTIVE POWER ….. It is the power that magnetic equipment (transformer, motor, relay etc.) needs to produce the magnetizing flux.
  • kVA is APPARENT POWER…… It is the “vectorial summation” of KVAR and KW .